International Journal of Gerontology
Construct Validity and Psychometric Properties of the Tamil (India) Version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (T-MoCA) in Elderly
Karim MA, Venkatachalam J. Construct Validity and Psychometric Properties of the Tamil (India) Version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (T‐MoCA) in Elderly. Int J Gerontol. 2022;16(4):365-369.
Supplementary MaterialNo data
Background: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a neuropsychological cognitive tool developed and adapted widely in various languages for screening mild cognitive impairment (MCI).
Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Tamil (India) Version of MoCA (T-MoCA) and further examine the construct validity of the tool.
Method: The authors conducted internal consistency, test-retest, sensitivity-specificity, and construct validity using 233 Tamil-speaking elderly participants. The inclusion criteria of the study participants were 0.5 or less than 0.5 scores in the Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDRs). Further, T-MoCA was used to screen MCI.
Results: The result showed that the T-MoCA had high internal consistency (0.83) and high test-retest reliability (0.92). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.91 (95% CI 0.87–0.94) for detecting MCI. Furthermore, the optimal cut-off score to detect MCI was 24, accommodated a sensitivity and specificity of 88.4% and 77.9%, respectively.
Conclusions: The Tamil (India) version of the MoCA maintained its core diagnostic properties, furnishing it a valid and reliable tool for the screening of MCI. Also, its latent dimensions help to understand the elders' cognitive function in a better way.