International Journal of Gerontology
Effects of Resistance Exercise with Instability on Concerns about Falling and Depressive Symptoms in Cognitively Impaired Older Adults
Cavalcante BR, Nascimento VY, Falck RS, et al. Effects of Resistance Exercise with Instability on Concerns about Falling and Depressive Symptoms in Cognitively Impaired Older Adults. Int J Gerontol. 2022;16(2):95-99.
Objective: To explore the effects of 12-weeks of resistance exercise with instability (REI) and traditional resistance exercise (RE) as compared to a health education control (CON) on concerns about falling and depressive symptoms in older adults with self-reported cognitive complaints.
Methods: In this secondary analysis, 67 participants (aged between 65-88 years; 77% women) were randomized to either 12-weeks of thrice-weekly REI (n = 22) or RE (n = 23), or a once-weekly CON (n = 22) group. At each training session, RE and REI participants performed three sets and repetitions ranging between 10-15. REI group performed each exercise using instability devices. We measured falls self-efficacy index (FESI) and geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) at baseline and 12 weeks.
Results: Participants showed moderate levels of concerns about falling (mean = 26.3 ± 2.2) and no signs of depressive symptoms (mean = 2.6 ± 8.4) at baseline. At completion of trial, REI participants had fewer concerns about falls (-3.19, 95% CI: [-6.33; -0.05]). There were no changes in FESI for RE participants compared to CON (-0.89, 95% CI: [-3.99; 2.21]). Non-significant between-group differences were observed for mood after traditional RE and REI relative to the CON.
Conclusion: In older adults with cognitive complaints, 12-weeks of REI reduced concerns about falling but did not change depressive symptoms.